The weather is very fine this morning. Our fleet runs very slow. 7 am we are in sight of a lighthouse at Cape St. Blas. We landed at Apalachicola at 4 pm & went in quarters.
We fixed up bunks this am & this afternoon I went fishing. Caught 8 fish. Co. B is elected to de provo [perhaps meant the company would serve as the provost marshal or police] guard in town.
I am fatigue duty this afternoon with a squad of 20 men. Peter was detailed today to help work the artillery.
[Fatigue duty – any duty assigned to enlisted men that could be construed as necessary to camp life. Source: http://civilwartalk.com/threads/fatigue-duty.19870/
We had Sunday morning inspection this morning and religious service in M. E. (Methodist Episcopal) church at 10:30 o’clock.
Beckwith & myself went fishing early this morning. Bought 4 catfish. The Steamer Shamrock came down the Apalachicola River loaded with cotton.
The weather is very warm today. We are quartered in an old storehouse. Have it very nice
I signed my clothing bill today. I have [drawn] this year to the amount of $40.70 [$598.53 in 2015 dollars].
We commenced drill today. Have company drill three hours per day & dress parade.
[Drill: to practice marching, military formations and the steps in firing and handling one’s weapon; source: http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/glossary/glossary.html#D]
The officers of the 161st went to Turtle Island today on a hunting expedition. The Steamer Shamrock brought down another load of cotton today.
We are in camp today cleaning up for Sunday inspection. Tom Riley of Co. G. stabbed ? of Co. H. in the neck. I mailed a letter for Adrian [probably Adrian Onderdonk, husband of Charles’ sister Elizabeth].
[Thomas Riley, age 23, enlisted September 1862 at Corning to serve 3 years; mustered in as private, Co. G, October 1862; captured in action, April 8, 1864, at Sabine Cross Roads, LA; paroled and returned, October 23, 1864; discharged with detachment, October 23, 1865 at Elmira, NY; source: https://dmna.ny.gov/historic/reghist/civil/rosters/Infantry/161st_Infantry_CW_Roster.pdf]
The Officers returned this morning with a large quantity of fish about 1½ bushels of turtle eggs and one turtle weight 250 lbs. I am on picket.
The Darkeys relieved us from picket this morning. Newell & me went fishing & caught 7 fish.
Sgt. Benj. L. Smith has Command of Co. B. today. Capt. Clark and D. Ellison is sick. Ellison is going home. Went fishing caught 6 - 8 lbs.
[Benjamin L. Smith, age 23, enlisted August 1862 at Reading, to serve 3 years; mustered in as sergeant, Co. B, September 1862; mustered out with company at Fort Jefferson, FL,
William H. Clark, age 21, enrolled August 1862 at Elmira to serve 3 years; mustered in as second lieutenant, Co. B, September 6, 1862; as captain, November 1863; mustered out with company, September 20, 1865 at Fort Jefferson, FL.
David Ellison, age 25, enrolled August 1862 at Elmira to serve 3 years; mustered in as first sergeant, Co. B, September 1862; discharged July 26, 1865 at Barracks Hospital, New Orleans, LA.
I am on camp guard today. Have 6 men on a relief.
In camp today & wrote letter to Hattie. The Steamer Tamico [?] left here for Pensacola, FL.
In camp nothing going on but our usual camp duty.
I went fishing again caught 15 fish. Gave Peter & Ebenezer part of them.
In camp had inspection this morning. The N.P. Banks arrived from N.O. [New Orleans] with a small mail. We had a fine shower this pm. Had a choir this evening.
Steamer Gen. Banks arrived at [Apalachicola] today with the mail. I received 2 letters one from father & one from Adrian with George & W [?] cards.
I am on guard at the Port Hospital today. One Darkey died in spite of the guards around.
Was duly relieved this morning. Stayed in camp nearly all day.
Chass Lattin & I went fishing this morning caught 19 catfish. There was 4 boats came down the river today loaded with cotton.
[Charles Lattin, age 19, enlisted August 1862 at Elmira, to serve 3 years; mustered in as private, Co. B, September 1862; mustered out with company, September 20, 1865, at Fort Jefferson, FL; source: https://dmna.ny.gov/historic/reghist/civil/rosters/Infantry/161st_Infantry_CW_Roster.pdf]
I am on guard today at the hospital & wrote a letter to father.
The Gen. Banks left again for New Orleans. Mr. Anderson of Company F died today.
[Albert O. Anderson, age 35, enlisted August 21, 1862 at Howard, NY to serve 3 years; mustered in as private, Co. F. September 19, 1862; died of acute diarrhea, June 24, 1865, at Apalachicola, FL; source: page 745, https://dmna.ny.gov/historic/reghist/civil/rosters/Infantry/161st_Infantry_CW_Roster.pdf].
On duty again today.
Relieved at guard ? this morning and went fishing. Caught 28 fish.
Went to the Surgeon this morning [and] was excused from duty on account of sore hand caused by a catfish horn pricking it.
In camp today. No duty to do except 15 minutes drill and dress parade.
I went fishing this morning.
They sent guards captured my whole fleet & put us under arrest. But released us in half hour. Steamer Jackson burned today.
On camp guard today. Miller Co. C was put in guardhouse for stealing on the boat. The Regiment mustered for 2 months pay.
[Henry Miller, age 18, enlisted August 1982, to serve 3 years; mustered in as private, Co. C, September 1862; mustered out with company, September 20, 1865 at Fort Jefferson, FL; source: https://dmna.ny.gov/historic/reghist/civil/rosters/Infantry/161st_Infantry_CW_Roster.pdf ]